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     The Pontine Islands

    The islands are from always ideal places, symbols of the mind. When from the sea the shape of a island appears, eccola to become place of the spirit; joints under coast the sporgenti cliffs and cliffs us will inspire fear and wonder.
    It disembarks to earth we will feel ourselves to tell from the isolani fiabe and legends having for topic tremendous or fantastic things: in the Pontino Archipelago these history come narrated more than elsewhere.
    The group of the Pontine islands is formed from 2 subgroups: Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone and Giavi, to the north-west, and Ventotene and Santo Stefano, to south-east. Between the two subgroups they run approximately 22 miles nautical.
    Both groups have vulcanica origin, with the single exception of Zannone, that it introduces sedimentarie and metamorfiche cliffs. All the vulcaniche islands have one tormented morphology: cale, tips, faraglioni, coves ollow without interruption, forming an emerged landscape moving, that correspondence has one almost to speculate in the submarine landscape.


    Many islands in past knew the destiny of being exile places; Ponza it was, 2 millenia ago, for important personages like Agrippina and perhaps also Nerone.
    The wisdom of the sailors of the island had had way is introduced well in the past of the Mediterranean; like when the Roman in difficulty against the cartaginesi, during the puniche wars, asked their aid. And like when, in the 157 (after many victorious pirates naval crashs against barbaric) the ponzesi, roman and Neapolitan galee they defeated to Palmarola one piratesca fleet.
    And when, to first of the 1800's, some ponzesi divennero feared anti-pirates navigators.
    In this I found them before the sport, then the exploration have had a huge space where to develop itself.
    Also because the Archipelago is punctuated from other islands, still in great part disowned and to discover: the submergeeed steel islands, the property left at death ones of lost ships in the time of the two world wars.
    It is very famous property left at death of one the transport ship Liberty, American, sunk from the storm in March 1944 near the coast of Ponza, in front of Tip of the Pope.
    To approximately 6 miles to south-east of Ponza erge hermit from the sea the scoglio of the Botte.


    It is a island of a sure largeness that succeeds practically to being integrated in spite of tos be distant little more than 60 miles from one large metropoli of Italy like Rome.
    Palmarola is formed from vulcaniche cliffs multicolors and transparent and deep waters, mirage of I found them to explore and to discover. Today it is a reservoir natural protect.


    Zannone is integrated part alive and of the National Park of the Circeo; it is watched from forest guards. The ''house of the beacon'' evokes the memory of old films of the mystery and adventures.
    On the island the house of the caretaker, the ruderi of a medioevale convent is found.
    To Zannone the submarine world reflects the truth of the island in surface: covered from the mantle of driven in green forest, outside, an other forest covers many walls of its founds them: forests of driven in gorgonie and fluctuating, and viola of theirs chiome become red fire. On the island an interesting is found also archaeological rest: one pesciera of obtained roman age in the cliff, is connected to the sea from an underwater culvert; external perron is accessible through one, in proximity of the landing place of Varo.


    Meta anch'essa of year in year of an increasing tourism, Ventotene not only attracts for the beauty or because from pain place it has become place of vacation place; but perhaps also because the “ancient Rome”, elsewhere only rudere, is alive here.
    In fact its port is still operating, of great suggestion for anyone understands what means to throw the anchor in a equipped marine space, in a border of ancient time for which two thousand years are not pass to you: the wharf of this port and its cleats, its warehouses all dig you to the alive one in the tender local vulcanica cliff, are the same ones of a time. He is Santo destined Stefano to lucubre the task of island penitentiary from the time of the Borboni until to three decades ago. E' still dominated from the abandoned to its destiny but mastodontico and still integral prison building in its structure that remembers castles of Kafkiana at the same time memory.
    The island in fact only had one stable human presence when Ferdinand IV, king of Naples, decided to construct a jail to you; said assignment to the architect Francisco Carpi to plan a life imprisonment model.
    September 1795 was ultimanto the 26 and between first stopped it says itself has been just the same planner emprisoned from the king for political divergences. In the course of the years the life imprisonment had like “hosts” many important personages, between which Luigi Settembrini, the Bresci anarchist, uccisore of the king Umberto I, and Sandro Pertini with other antifascists.


    Little more than half mile from Ventotene, for long years its name to the life imprisonment has legacy (the circular building was constituted in the 1974-75 from Carpi Architect) by now soppresso.
    The pieces of real estate of the penitentiary constitute reason for a visit not only curious.

    This page has been automatically translate with Google from the Italian language.